Ntchito ya Topography

Ntchito yofufuza

Zachidziwikire kuti nthawi zina mudamvapo zakufunika kokhala ndi zofunikira za a woyesa malo chowonadi? Ndipo ngakhale sizinamveke zachilendo kwa inu, mwina mumadabwa kuti ntchito yake ndiyotani ... chabwino, tikufotokozera pang'ono za ukadaulo wosangalatsawu, momwe mungaphunzirire ku Spain ndi izo kapena sayansi ina ija kuti imalumikizidwa mwachindunji ndi.

Mawuwo zojambula Bukuli ndi lochokera ku Chigriki ndipo lilinso ndi mawu awiri: "topo" (malo) ndi "ma graph" (kujambula / kuyimira). Izi zitha kutipatsa lingaliro lalingaliro la cholinga chachikulu cha ntchitoyi, chomwe chimatanthawuza pakupanga mawonekedwe owonekera amalo, pankhani iyi yapadziko lapansi. Anati Zoyimira zimapangidwa kutengera ntchito zosiyanasiyana zowerengera zomwe zimapereka zotsatira zolondola kwambiri. Ntchito zoyezera, kuwerengera komanso kuyimira izi pamapu kapena zojambulajambula ndizomwe zimadziwika kuti kafukufuku wamaphunziro.

Pamene zojambula Ikhoza kuphimba zigawo zing'onozing'ono kapena zochulukitsa za nthaka, kudzera pazoyimira, Geodesy (sayansi ina yomwe idaphatikizidwa mu Topography) imakhudza gawo lalikulu la nthumwi komanso kwakukulu. Pulogalamu ya woyesa malo imagwiritsa ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana kuyeza mayendedwe ndi kukula kwa dziko lapansi (kampasi, theodolite, odometer, ...) komanso mapulogalamu achindunji okonzekera mapulani kapena mapu.

Ntchito yake ndiyofunikira mu zomanga, popeza imatha kukonzekera maphunziro odalirika ndikudziwitsanso molondola tsatanetsatane wa malowo, monga kusalingana, mwachitsanzo, zomwe zikuwonetsa kuyenera kugwira ntchito. Ntchito yake idakhazikitsidwa kuwerengera masamu (nyumba, zochuluka, ma polygoni ...), imagwiritsa ntchito nthambi zosiyanasiyana za sayansi iyi monga algebra kapena trigonometry. Maluso omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa makonzedwe amaphatikizidwa ndi zomwe zimadziwika kuti photogrammetry.

Ku Spain kuli Zojambula Zamakono mu Zolemba Zapamwamba, Kutalika kwa zaka 3, ndikuthekera koti mumalize kuzungulira kwachiwiri, mu Geodesy, zaka ziwiri, kuti athe kupeza Maphunziro apamwamba mu Engineering. Dera la akatswiri pantchito Zimaganiziridwa mkati mwaulangizi, m'magulu aboma ndi makampani azomanga, a migodi-zaulimi kapena nkhalango, zamagetsi, ndi zina zambiri.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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